Journalist and Attibution

Attribution is essential for journalist because it makes our stories and reports credible. If the only information that was relayed to the public was the information that the journalist knew then people would not trust the journalist. Using multiple sources and attribution allows for the journalist to create trust with the reader or viewers. It gives the journalist confirmation about their story or it adds an extra point of view, which are both important in relating information to the public. As discussed in the article, “How Reporters Use Attribution Correctly”, there are multiple ways to attribute a source in a story. This includes: Source- Paraphrase, Source- Direct Quote, and Source- Paraphrase and Quote. The most important style of attribution for a journalist to use in Source- Paraphrase and Quote. Source- Paraphrase and Quote involves the sources full name, his title or a brief description of why the source is relevant and important to the story, and it involves the full and accurate quote given by the source. It is most important because it establishes exactly who the source is, the reason why the reader or viewer should care about their opinion or what facts they may state, it gives both you and the source credibility, and it also respects the source by using the full quote while giving the reader or viewer the full amount of information.

An example where Source- Paraphrase and Quote was used is in this quote written in a NY Times article about a couple who eloped in Afghanistan. Following is the full section that was attributed: “‘Salam Khan, 22, a witness from Fatiha’s village, Sar-i-Pul, said he saw what had happened to the couple after the police surrendered them. “Some of Fatiha’s relatives, her cousins, were beating her with their fists and saying, ‘Why did you do this?’ Then her older brother got angry and shot her with a hunting rifle and her younger brother shot her with an AK-47. I don’t know how many bullets they fired,’”

In this example the journalist identified the full source, including age, then identified the importance of the source and the full quote. In context of the whole story the quote provided extra eye witness and sources, adding to the credibility of the story and the journalist.

Attribution is especially important for journalist because we are the first writers of history. We are the first people to report on current events happening and as journalist we do it in a short time frame in order to ensure that the public is aware. Because of these factors, many people are skeptical of the validity of certain stories and journalist. Articles where the name is stated, but there is no description to explain why the source is important causes the reader to distrust the statement or quote that will follow because they will not know why that person is important to listen to. Articles where there are adequate source descriptions but not a clear quotation cause the reader to distrust the journalist because they cannot fully trust that the journalist did not alter the quote in order to fit their own interest in the article.

It is essential to use attribution in all stories used. It will not only build your credibility as a journalist but it will attract more readers and viewers to their work. With attribution you build trust, and as people who work for the good of the people and the public, trust is something we want to obtain.


War of Worlds Radio Broadcast

Impact of “War of the Worlds” Radio Broadcast

On October 30, 1938, the radio drama, “War of the Worlds”, was broadcasted on American radio by CBS (Columbia Broadcasting System). The beginning of the radio broadcast opens with the narrator and broadcaster declaring there is an explosion and disturbances on a New Jersey farm that was being observed by professors at Princeton. The broadcast is formatted similar to a breaking news cast with multiple bulletins being played over and over discussing the multiple explosions.

The beginning of the broadcast started with what sounds like a normal broadcast and news report before talking about the meteor that had fell on the farm in New Jersey. Some of the most notable points of this broadcast were the descriptions and sound effects used in order to discuss the Martians and the foreign object and the scare. Because radio was the primary media in this time period, it was important for the broadcast to sound as believable as possible. It was essential that this broadcast made people believe it was real and accurate. The sound effects accurately reflected what many may think the situation may look like. The narrators spoke with striking and believable details.

Not only was the broadcast produced very well, but its impact was substantial. According to the broadcast caused a false fear amongst American people. The broadcast not only spoke about the Martian but they also did news cast about its impact on major cities, citizens, and included speeches in the broadcast as well and the false use of the National Guard. It should be noted that the broadcast was also played on a Sunday evening which was known as a prime time for radio at that time. It is possible that the “War of the Worlds” broadcast was listened to by close to a million people. In order to incite the type of fear to thousands of American listeners that this broadcast did, was largely due to quality of the broadcast.

The broadcast was also significant to radio and journalism. A quote taken from the broadcast stated, “Radio has a respolisbiliy to serve in the public interest at all time.”  Although the broadcast may have been a false story, it was still a clear representation of journalism protecting the people’s right to know. This broadcast, had it been true, would have given the story from different point of views, provided first-hand accounts from what would have been relevant sources, and given a very accurate and detailed description of the actual event itself, and how the story event was progressing. The main importance of this broadcast to journalism, radio, and media, was that it served as a perfect example of how journalist should strive to cover the events happening that effect the public. Also, the broadcast was a clear representation of a journalist taking advantage of their first amendment rights. The FCC (Federal Communications Commissions) had investigated the program but found that Orson Welles didn’t break any laws in broadcasting the story.

Journalist can learn and take away many elements from this broadcast. Whether it be paying extreme close attention to details, providing many relevant sources, using other elements (sound in the case of this broadcast) in order to more effectively report the story, or being mindful of being entertaining while reporting, journalist and media professionals can learn from this broadcast. Although what journalist will report will be factual stories for the public, by studying the delivery of this broadcast we can effectively create striking packages and reports. Alternatively, this also teaches journalist to take nothing for face value, but to always research every story for yourselves, and be skeptical of the reports of others.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and President Obama

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and President Obama both have similar qualities in the role they played in fighting for equality in their respective generations. Before comparing the role of these two leaders it is important to understand that although similar, their approaches may seem different because of their role. Dr. Martin Luther King was a minister and an activist, where as President Obama currently serves as President of the U.S. and is mainly a political figure.

Dr. King’s goals for the Civil Rights Movement were mostly directed to equality and rights for African Americans, however, he also had connections with activist fighting for rights of other races, religious groups, and the LGBT community. While many agree that the Civil Rights Movement and the fight for equality is ongoing, when concerning President Obama, the focus seems to spread more evenly between multiple groups. Dr. King’s focus on mainly African American issues in the Civil Rights Movement can be seen in his involvement in the SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference), the Birmingham campaign, and the March on Washington. One of President Obama’s biggest known achievements was achieving marriage equality, and creating programs in order to help low income citizens; however, it should be noted that according to Black Radio 89% of Black Americans believe that his leadership was very effective or somewhat effective.

It is not only important to compare the issues that Dr. Martin Luther King, and President Obama focused on most during their presidency, but it also important to compare their approach. Their approach to reaching their goals for equality were more similar than some of the issues that they each focused on. Both Dr. Martin Luther King and President Obama are relatively seen as very eloquent and excellence speakers who are able to lead and affect a large majority of people. Throughout Dr. King’s lifetime and President Obama’s presidency, their speech styles, both in how they are written and delivered are very similar. They both use similar speaking styles that are able to affect most groups regardless of religion, race, orientation, or culture.

Both men had a large following of supporters that were not just African American. Although Martin Luther King Jr. focused mainly on issues affecting African Americans, he was able to lead and incite change in many disadvantaged groups in the US and was also able to lead a large following of White Americans in aiding the Black community for their fight for equality. While President Obama used the tactic of focusing most of his programs on issues that affect a large majority, he was able to win the support of many different groups across the U.S. Both men were able to affectively incite change and lead many people in the Civil Rights Movement and in their fight to help those who are disadvantaged and both men will be remembered for their leadership and contributions to the American people.

Reporter Packages

Donald Trump: Homelessness and Travel Ban: Audio Podcast discussing Donald Trump’s travel ban and lack of attention given to the homeless community.

West Towers: Students react to possible new renovations in the West Towers Dormitory on Howard University’s campus: